According to Gelug, a subdivision of the Svatantrika Madhyamaka tenet system that does not assert reflexive awareness, but does assert external phenomena as having existence established by their individual defining characteristic marks.

Tibetan: mDo-sde spyod-pa'i dbu-ma rang-rgyud-pa

J. Hopkins: Sutra autonomy middle way school.

Other languages

Русский: Саутрантика-сватантрика