In the Samkhya system, one of the three universal constituents (Skt. guṇa) that are components of primal matter (Skt. pradhāna) or natural matter (Skt. prakṛti) and not qualities distinct from it. In different contexts, it refers to obscurity, darkness, heaviness, and a neutral feeling.

Tibetan: མུན་པ། mun-pa

Sanskrit: tamas

J. Hopkins: Darkness; Obscurity; Gloom

Synonyms: Darkness

Other languages

العربية: تاماس
Русский: Тамас
简体中文: 翳质(“暗牛”、暗德)
繁體中文: 翳質(“暗牛”、暗德)