An exclusion of something else in which, in the wake of having negated the object to be negated, the sounds of the words with which it was spoken have tossed, as knowable to a conceptual cognition of that negation, focus on a negation phenomenon as well as on an affirmation phenomenon. There are four types: those in which the affirmation phenomenon is known (1) explicitly, (2) implicitly, (3) both explicitly and implicitly, and (4) as an alternative.
Tibetan: མ་ཡིན་དགག ma-yin dgag
J. Hopkins: Affirming negative phenomenon
Synonyms: Implicative negation; Affirming negation