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“Prasangika” found in 43 documents
Elaboration of the Life of Tsongkhapa
I'd like to present a short biography of Tsongkhapa. I am a little bit picky, I must say, so I find it helpful to pronounce people’s names correctly. There’s a commonly made convention—which I think is really quite incorrect, totally incorrect—which is to divide Tsongkhapa’s...
Establishing the Existence of Validly Knowable Objects
Unawareness (ma-rig-pa, ignorance) in Buddhism concerns unawareness either of behavioral cause and effect or of the very nature of reality (de-kho-na-nyid). When loosely translated, the issue of the very nature of reality is the issue of how things exist. More precisely,...
How Cognition of Emptiness Liberates Us from Samsara
Mechanism of Karma: Vasubandhu and Nagarjuna’s Presentations
Objects of Cognition: Gelug Presentation
Cognitive Objects Cognitions (shes-pa) have numerous cognitive objects (yul) – objects known in some cognitive manner. The various Indian schools of tenets differ in their explanations of them for the various ways of knowing (blo-rig). Let us look at some points regarding the...
Special Features of the Gelug Tradition
Introduction Tsongkhapa ( rJe Tsong-kha-pa Blo-bzang-grags-pa) (1357-1419) was a radical reformer who, through direct instruction from Manjushri in innumerable pure visions and through exhaustive study of the Indian and Tibetan Buddhist texts, impeccable logic, and intense...
The Tibetan Traditions
Subtle and Gross Disturbing Emotions: Gelug Prasangika
“Grasping for an impossible soul of a person” – usually translated as “grasping for the self of a person” – refers to the coarse levels of mind making an appearance of an impossible self (an impossible “me”) and taking this deceptive appearance to correspond to what actually...
Tainted and Untainted Phenomena
According to the abhidharma systems of Vasubandhu and Asanga, phenomena can be divided into those that are tainted (zag-bcas, Skt. sasrava, contaminated) and those that are untainted (zag-med, Skt. anasrava, uncontaminated). In general terms, tainted phenomena constitute what...
Types of Phenomena
The 5 Great Madhyamaka Lines of Reasoning for Emptiness
The Five Great Madhyamaka Lines of Reasoning Madhyamaka masters use the five great Madhyamaka lines of reasoning (dbu-ma'i gtan-tshigs chen-po lnga; five great Madhyamaka syllogisms) to establish the voidness of true existence. The five are: The line of reasoning "parted...
The Appearance and Cognition of Nonexistent Phenomena
[As background, see: Objects of Cognition: Advanced Presentation]The Tibetan explanations of the appearance and cognition of nonexistent phenomena fall broadly into two camps: Gelug and non-Gelug (Sakya, Nyingma, and Kagyu).Neither Gelug nor non-Gelug, however, presents a...