Emptiness and Dependent Arising

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There are two types of unawareness or ignorance. The first is unawareness about cause and effect, referring to the effects of our behavior on ourselves. The second is unawareness of how things exist. To counter both, we need to refute the impossible ways in which we project that they arise and exist. Changing phenomena arise dependently on causes and conditions, and all phenomena arise dependently on parts and on mental labelling.

Original Audio from the Seminar