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Self-Voidness & Other-Voidness in the Four Noble Truths
This weekend I’ve been asked to speak about self-voidness and other-voidness, what is called in Tibetan rangtong (rang-stong) and zhentong (gzhan-stong; shentong). This is a very advanced, very complicated and very important topic. Therefore, it requires a great deal of...
Main Points of Self-Voidness and Other-Voidness
Motivation, Homage and Promise to Compose
Introduction Today, I’m here to teach on the Three Principal Aspects of the Path, a concise text written by Lama Tsongkhapa. What I’ll share is not my own knowledge, but rather what has been taught to me by my own precious teachers. I do not have any realizations myself, but...
Commentary on “The Three Principal Aspects of the Path” – Tsenshap Serkong Rinpoche II
The Context for Understanding Emptiness
Voidness (emptiness) ̱̱is a very difficult topic, but a very essential topic. In order to approach it, we need to see where it fits into the general presentation of the Buddhist teachings. As we all know, Buddha taught his understanding, his realization in terms of what is...
The Emptiness of the False “Me”
Obtaining the Necessities for Mahamudra Practice
[Clarifications by Dr. Berzin are included within square brackets.] Homage Homage to my Gurus. The author, the Third Karmapa, was an extremely learned master who wrote many profound texts that became the core of the Karma Kagyu teachings. Rangjung Dorje (Self-arisen Vajra) was...
Commentary on “The Mahamudra Prayer” – Beru Khyentse Rinpoche
Introduction to Voidness (Emptiness) Voidness, or emptiness, is an extremely important and central topic in the Buddhist teachings. What it means is an absence; something is absent, not there. What is absent is an impossible way of existing, something that has never existed at...
Incorrect Consideration and Emptiness
Emptiness Is an Absence of Impossible Ways of Existing
I’ve been asked this weekend to speak about the topic of voidness, which is of course an advanced topic and a topic which is not terribly easy to understand. And in order to understand it, we need to be very well prepared. If we’re not prepared – in other words, if we don’t...
Emptiness and Dependent Arising
The Gelug Understanding of Svatantrika
Introduction Concerning the life of Tsongkhapa, one of the most important points is what a great revolutionary Tsongkhapa was. Through all his tremendous efforts in meditation and preliminary practices building up positive force and so on, he gained a newer and deeper...
Elaboration of the Special Features of Gelug
Frame of Mind for Studying Bodhisattva Behavior
Introductory Verses and Verse 1 Setting the Motivation First of all, we need to have very good motivation for studying about the behavior of bodhisattvas. When we have a strong motivation, it is interesting how our minds work. If I were to say, “Let’s all go to the Dalai...
Commentary on “37 Bodhisattva Practices” – Tsenshap Serkong Rinpoche II
Overview of Buddhism as the Basis of the Six Perfections
The Two Truths and the Four Noble Truths Indian religions vary among those that (1) do or do not rely on cause and effect over previous lives, (2) do or do not aim at liberation and (3) do or do not rely on internal or external means to achieve it. There is also a nihilist...
The Dalai Lama on the Six Perfections: Six Paramitas
Avalokiteshvara Expounding the Sutra
This weekend I’m going to be speaking about The Heart Sutra. Actually, with a longer title, it’s The Essence of Far-Reaching Discriminating Awareness, the Vanquishing Lady Surpassing All. So when we talk about far-reaching discriminating awareness – and this is the word...
Commentary on “The Heart Sutra” – Dr. Berzin