A phenomenon specified in terms of the cognition that cognizes it explicitly precluding an object to be negated. Synonymous with a negation phenomenon, they include both implicative negation phenomena – such as "not a dog," the "no-longer happening of yesterday" and the "not-yet-happening of tomorrow" – and nonimplicative negation phenomena such as voidness, space and isolates. (1) According to Gelug, they may be either static or nonstatic. (2) According to non-Gelug, they are all static phenomena.
Tibetan: གཞན་སེལ། gzhan-sel
J. Hopkins: Other-exclusion, other-eliminator, exclusion-of-the-other
Synonyms: Exclusion; Exclusion of something else; Exclusion of something other