Four binding factors

Factors which, when they accompany someone's acting in breach of a vow, bind that person to the full karmic result, in the sense of guaranteeing that the full karmic result will follow: (1) not regarding the negative action as detrimental, (2) having no intention to refrain from repeating it, (3) delighting in the negative action and (4) having no moral self-dignity or care for how one's actions reflect on others, and thus having no intention of repairing the damage one is doing to oneself and to them.

Tibetan: ཀུན་དཀྲིས་བཞི། kun-dkris bzhi

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