Glossary of Buddhist Terms

Full multilingual glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

  1. far-reaching attitude

    A mental factor that brings one to the far shore of samsara, either to liberation or to enlightenment. There are either six or ten far-reaching attitudes. Also called "perfection" or, in Sanskrit, "paramita."


  2. father tantra

    The division of anuttarayoga tantra that emphasizes practices for attaining an illusory body.


  3. fear

    The mental state of feeling helpless, hopeless and unprotected in the face of danger.


  4. fire-puja

    A tantric ritual in which one offers into a fire a large number of specific substances, accompanied by elaborate visualizations.


  5. firm conviction

    According to Asanga, the mental factor that focuses on a fact that one has validly ascertained to be true and which makes one's belief in its validity unshakable.


  6. five aggregates

    The five networks of ever-changing factors that make up each moment of each person's experience.


  7. form realm

    Of the three planes of samsaric existence, the realm in which beings have attachment to subtle forms of sensory objects.


  8. formless realm

    Of the three planes of samsaric existence, the realm in which beings have no gross form, only a subtle one, and are mostly absorbed in deep meditative states.


  9. forms of physical phenomena

    The nonstatic phenomena of sights and eye sensors, sounds and ear sensors, smells and nose sensors, tastes and tongue sensors, and forms of physical phenomena knowable only by mental consciousness, such as those that appear in dreams.


  10. four noble truths

    Four facts seen as true by highly realized beings (aryas, noble ones), those who have had non-conceptual cognition of reality.


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