A collective name for the 18 schools of Indian Buddhism that emphasize methods for attaining liberation from suffering. Theravada, practiced throughout Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka, is the only extant school of these 18.
To impute (project, superimpose), with conceptual cognition, an audio category or a meaning/object category onto a basis.
The discriminating awareness that is aware of the individual details concerning behavioral cause and effect or concerning reality, and which acts as the opponent for naivety about them.
A course of training in the Mahayana sutra teachings through which one makes progress by developing graded stages of motivation, which act as pathway minds leading to enlightenment.
A highly advanced spiritual teacher.
Literally "the path and its result," an anuttarayoga tantra system of practice transmitted in the Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism and deriving from the "Hevajra Tantra."
The state of an arhat (a liberated being); the state in which one has attained a true stopping of true suffering and the true origins of suffering, and thus a true stopping of samsara (uncontrollably recurring rebirth); the state in which one has attained a true stopping of the emotional obscurations.
A living being, other than a Buddha, that acts with intention and thus experiences the results of his or her behavior.
A Hinayana practitioner that strives toward liberation as an arhat based on listening to the teachings of the Buddha.
A spiritual training in which one cleanses disturbing attitudes from one's mind and trains to replace them with constructive attitudes. Often called "mind training."
The disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one does not possess and wishes to obtain it.
The wish for someone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness.
The oral transmission of a Buddhist text.