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Practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who live during dark ages when the teachings of a Buddha are no longer available. They do not study with Buddhist spiritual teachers, because there are none at such times, and they teach others only subtly, through gestures, since people are not receptive. Living either singly ("like a rhinoceros") or in small groups, they must rely on their instincts from previous lives to recall and master the Dharma. Motivated by renunciation, they strive to attain enlightenment for their own benefit alone and not in order to benefit all others. As a result, they may become an arhat (liberated being) but cannot achieve full enlightenment.

Tibetan: རང་རྒྱལ། rang-rgyal

Sanskrit: pratyekabuddha

J. Hopkins: Solitary realizer

Synonyms: Self-realizer; Self-evolver

Other languages

العربية: براتيكابوذا
Deutsch: Pratyekabuddha
Français: Pratyekabouddha
Italiano: Pratyekabuddha
Русский: Пратьекабудда
Tiếng Việt: Độc giác phật/bích chi phật
简体中文: 缘觉者
繁體中文: 緣覺者

Related terms