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“Prasangika” found in 43 documents
Analysis of the Gelug Prasangika Assertions about Karma
Further Background Material Range of the Analysis Since the issue of free will versus determinism hinges on the understanding of “ not-yet-happenings,” let us focus our analysis, for the moment, primarily on them. Moreover, let us limit our discussion to the Gelug Prasangika...
A Buddha's Knowledge of the Past, Present and Future
Apprehension of Validly Knowable Phenomena
An apprehension (rtogs-pa) is a cognition that correctly and decisively cognizes its involved object (‘jug-yul). Let us look at the Gelug explanation. Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika assert that a cognition apprehends its involved object (‘jug-yul) if it is...
Background to Aryadeva's Chapters on Emptiness
Introduction We’ve been going through, in summary, the main points of the sixteen chapters of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Verse Treatise. And we saw that the first eight chapters speak about how to rid ourselves of incorrect views concerning conventional truth. And now we’re ready...
Overview of "Four Hundred Verse Treatise" – Dr. Berzin
Buddhist Logic: Non-Prasangika and Prasangika Versions
Valid Ways of Correctly Ascertaining That a Certain Property-Possessor Is a Member of the Set of Phenomena Possessing a Certain Property Correctly ascertaining that a certain property-possessor (chos-can) is a member of the set of phenomena possessing a certain property (chos)...
Chittamatra, Svatantrika and Prasangika: The Self
Unawareness of How We Exist and Disturbing Emotions We are talking about the self, “me;” how do I exist? This is a very crucial question that is asked in Buddhism. When we are unaware of how we exist and how everyone exists, when either we don’t know or we know in an incorrect...
The Four Buddhist Tenet Systems Regarding the Self
Cognitive Obscurations of Arhats: Gelug Prasangika
Introduction Limited beings (sems-can, sentient beings) are all unenlightened beings – those with physical, verbal, and mental limitations in comparison to Buddhas. Buddhas are not limited beings; they are not “sentient beings.” Limited beings can be divided into mundane...
The Five Paths
Definitions of the Two Truths: Gelug Prasangika
Definition of the Two TruthsDeepest TruthA mind that analyzes the deepest nature of a knowable phenomenon takes as its involved object (‘jug-yul) its deepest essential nature, i.e. it takes the voidness of the phenomenon as the main object with which it cognitively engages....
The Two Truths: Gelug Prasangika
Distinctions between Tendencies & Habits: Gelug Usage
General Classification Habits (bag-chags, instinct) are the type of nonstatic dormant factor (bag-la nyal) that is neither a form of physical phenomenon nor a way of being aware of something. As such, they are non-congruent affecting variables (ldan-min ‘du-byed). [See:...
The Five Paths
Elaboration of the Life of Tsongkhapa
I'd like to present a short biography of Tsongkhapa. I am a little bit picky, I must say, so I find it helpful to pronounce people’s names correctly. There’s a commonly made convention—which I think is really quite incorrect, totally incorrect—which is to divide Tsongkhapa’s...
Establishing the Existence of Validly Knowable Objects
Unawareness (ma-rig-pa, ignorance) in Buddhism concerns unawareness either of behavioral cause and effect or of the very nature of reality (de-kho-na-nyid). When loosely translated, the issue of the very nature of reality is the issue of how things exist. More precisely,...