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Buddhist Analysis: Types of Causes
Introduction: Deconstructing the Self and the Aggregates According to the Buddhist analysis, the self is imputed on the individual continuity of the five aggregates. The aggregates are made up of all non-static phenomena – everything that changes from moment to moment – and...
Deconstructing Each Moment of Experience into Its Causes
Vaibhashika and Sautrantika: The Self
Introduction When we look at the concept of the self in Buddhism, we need to analyze it from the points of view of the four schools of the Indian tenet systems. We’re going to refine our understanding further and further as we work our way through these schools. When we speak...
The Four Buddhist Tenet Systems Regarding the Self
Why Are the Five Aggregates Important?
Understanding the Five Aggregates in Order to Understand Our Experience The first question that might come up when we begin this topic is why would we want to study and learn about the five aggregates – forms of physical phenomena, feelings of some level of happiness,...
Meditations for Recognizing the Five Aggregates
Introduction This weekend I want to speak about the types of appearances that the mind gives rise to: accurate and inaccurate, pure and impure, tainted and untainted, samsaric and nirvanic. That’s an awful lot of variables, isn’t it? As I was preparing this, when one thinks...
Elaboration of “Types of Appearances Mind Gives Rise To”
The Coarse False “Me” of the Non-Buddhist Indian Systems
Review: The Context for Meditating on the False "Me" Yesterday we began our discussion of how to meditate on the voidness of the false “me” experiencing the four noble truths. We looked at the general context within which this is studied and meditated upon. We saw that this...
Refuting the False Me Experiencing the Four Noble Truths
The True Causes of the Sufferings of Change and Samsara
We looked at the unawareness of behavioral cause and effect and how that underlies our experience of unhappiness. Now we need to look at the second type of unawareness, a much deeper type of unawareness, which is unawareness of reality: how we exist, how others exist and how...
Elaboration of “How Cognition of Emptiness Liberates Us”
The Twelve Links: Karma, Mind & Next Life Aggregates
Review We were talking about how mind in Buddhism refers to an activity that goes on with no break, with no beginning and with no end. It is the mental activity of experiencing things and it is an individual, subjective experiencing of things. We are not talking here about...
The Twelve Links: An In-Depth Analysis
The Conventional “Me”: An Imputation on the 5 Aggregates
We were speaking about voidness (emptiness) and we saw that voidness is a negatingly known phenomenon, it’s a negation. We know it by negating something. If we put the word voidness into different terms, then we could say that it is an absence of something. There are many...
The Emptiness of the False “Me”
Aftermath of Karma
We have discussed the first two periods, immediately before doing, saying, or thinking something and while we are actually doing, saying, or thinking it. Now we are ready to discuss what happens after the karmic action has ended. After a karmic action has ended, there are...
Mechanism of Karma: Asanga’s Presentation
Form Is Emptiness, Emptiness Is Form
Yesterday we began our discussion of the Heart Sutra; and we saw that this sutra is presenting, in a very condensed form, the teachings on far-reaching discriminating awareness. Discriminating awareness is a mental factor and it is based on the factor which is called...
Commentary on “The Heart Sutra” – Dr. Berzin