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“Cognition” found in 100 documents
Negations and Affirmations
Introduction This weekend we are going to be speaking about negations (dgag-pa) and affirmations (sgrub-pa). And although there are quite different explanations of this in the different Tibetan traditions, we’ll present here only the presentation that we find in the Gelug...
Negation Phenomena: How to Focus on Emptiness
Introduction, Apprehension and Presumptive Cognition
Preface Among the Tibetans, the Buddhist monasteries have traditionally been the great centers of learning. The educational system followed by many of them, such as Ganden, Sera and Drepung of the Gelug tradition, is modeled on that introduced more than a thousand years ago...
Commentary on “Compendium of Ways of Knowing” – Geshe Ngawang Dhargyey
Basic Distinctions among Cognitive Objects
Historical Introduction The Buddhist teachings on cognition theory and logic derive from the works of the late 5th-century Indian master Dignaga and of Dharmakirti, the late-6th century disciple of his disciple. Dignaga wrote A Compendium of Validly Cognizing Minds (Tshad-ma...
Objects of Cognition: Advanced Gelug and Non-Gelug Presentations
Indispensable Ways of Cognizing That Appear in Mental Activity
The mind gives rise to many types of appearances, in terms of both the objects of cognition and the ways of cognizing them that arise. In both cases, what arises may be accurate or inaccurate, pure or impure, tainted or untainted, samsaric or nirvanic. Why is it important to...
Types of Appearances Mind Gives Rise To: Gelug Explanation
Vaibhashika and Sautrantika: The Self
Introduction When we look at the concept of the self in Buddhism, we need to analyze it from the points of view of the four schools of the Indian tenet systems. We’re going to refine our understanding further and further as we work our way through these schools. When we speak...
The Four Buddhist Tenet Systems Regarding the Self
Understanding Something: Apprehension
Introduction to the Topic This evening we’re going to be exploring the topic “What does it mean to understand something?” And this is obviously a very important topic and one which is not really traditionally dealt with in Dharma presentations. But obviously we need to...
Elaboration of "What Does It Mean to Understand Something?"
Mental Labeling and Imputation
To understand the Gelug Prasangika presentation of dependent arising (rten-’byung ’brel-ba) and the voidness of self-established existence (rang-bzhin-gyis grub-pa; inherent existence), we need to understand the distinctions this school draws between imputation, mental...
Imputation, Mental Labeling and Designation
Types of Phenomena and Existence: Gelug Chittamatra
Introduction [As background, see: The Two Truths: Vaibhashika and Sautrantika] The Tibetans study four tenet systems (grub-mtha’) of Indian Buddhism. Among them, Vaibhashika (bye-brag smra-ba) and Sautrantika (mdo-sde-pa) are Hinayana systems – specifically, subdivisions of...
Basic Features of the Gelug Chittamatra System
Context of Ways of Knowing, Bare Perception
Introduction This evening we are going to be speaking about ways of knowing; in other words cognition theory, and how it is that we know things – how our cognition actually works. This is an important topic since it relates very much to how we experience the four noble...
Seven Ways of Knowing Objects
A Mere Making of Appearances and Cognizing Them
The Meaning of “Mind” in Buddhism I’ve been asked to come here this weekend to teach about appearances (snang-ba), how the mind makes appearances and the various problems that are associated with that. This is not a very simple topic, because in fact all our problems come...
The Nature of Appearances: Gelug Explanation